- 2009/10/12First European Protocols Assessing Farm Animal WelfareAssessment systems to evaluate the quality of animal welfare on farms or at slaughter, have been developed by researchers of Welfare Quality®. These systems for 3 livestock species (and 7 ´animal types´) are founded upon animal-based measures. The systems combine a science-based methodology for assessing farm animal welfare with a standardised way of integrating this information to assign farms and slaughterhouses to one of four categories(from poor to excellent animal welfare).
First European Protocols for assessing Farm Animal Welfare published
Assessment systems to evaluate the quality of animal welfare on farms or at slaughter, have been developed by researchers of the European project Welfare Quality®. These systems for 3 livestock species (and 7 ´animal types´) are founded upon animal-based measures. The systems combine a science-based methodology for assessing farm animal welfare with a standardised way of integrating this information to assign farms and slaughterhouses to one of four categories (from poor to excellent animal welfare).
The developed protocols can be used not only to assess the animals’ welfare but also to provide feedback and support to producers, thereby helping them to benefit from entry to some higher value markets. Furthermore, they will yield clear and reliable information for retailers and consumers on the welfare status of animals from which their food products were derived.
The animal welfare assessment systems are published as three separate books (for pigs, poultry respectively cattle) presented on 9 October 2009 at the animal welfare conference in Assessment Systems for Seven ´Animal Types´
The Welfare Quality® Assessment Protocols for Cattle, Pigs and Poultry
After discussions with consumers and scientists, stakeholders, and policy makers, Welfare Quality® defined four animal welfare principles: Good housing, good feeding, good health and appropriate behaviour. Within these principles 12 animal welfare criteria were identified. The practical assessment systems measure each of these 12 criteria in dairy cattle, beef cattle, veal calves, sows, fattening pigs, laying hens and broilers. The systems have been tested on more than 700 farms across nine European countries, from the
Assessment Systems for Seven ´Animal Types´
Researchers recognised that the best assessments came from observing the animals themselves. For each livestock species, around 40 different animal-based measures were identified in order to verify compliance with the 12 different criteria for farms or slaughterhouses. Based on scientific literature or research projects carried out, these measures were tested to make sure they accurately reflected the actual welfare of the animal.
Because animals are kept in so many different environments, it is important that the measures work across all systems. Since most of the measures developed by Welfare Quality® are animal-based, an assessor could verify the level of animal welfare by looking at the animal itself irrespective of how and where it is kept.
Due to group sizes, time restraints and other factors, it isn’t always possible to use animal-based measures. In these instances, resource- or management-based ones are used instead.
The measures were evaluated on validity (does it measure what we think it does), repeatability (do different observers generate the same outcome), and feasibility (is it possible to use the measure given the constraints of a practical assessment system).
To complement these systems, Welfare Quality® has joined with an independent standardisation institute to create the first comprehensive European set of protocols for assessing farm animal welfare.
The assessment systems were published on October 9th, although they should continue to be updated in the light of new scientific evidence.
• Welfare Quality® Assessment Protocol for Cattle, 2009, ISBN/EAN 978-90-78240-04-4, 180 pages
• Welfare Quality® Assessment Protocol for Poultry, 2009, ISBN/EAN 978-90-78240-06-8, 119 pages
• Welfare Quality® Assessment Protocol for Pigs, 2009, ISBN/EAN 978-90-78240-05-1, 119 pages
Author: Welfare Quality® consortium, Lelystad, The Netherlands.
Content of these protocols:
- The background and basic principles
- The collection of data on farm and at the slaughter house
- The calculation of scores (to integrate this information to assign farms and slaughterhouses to one of
four categories - from poor to excellent animal welfare.
- Guidelines to visit the animal unit and recording sheets.
Strengthening European research
Forty-four institutes and universities (representing thirteen European countries and four Latin American countries) participate in Welfare Quality. The research programme is funded by the EU in the FP6 research programme. The project aims to accommodate societal concerns and market demands, develop reliable on-farm assessment systems, and practical species-specific strategies to assure animal welfare in the food quality chain. The project is coordinated by Prof. Dr Harry J. Blokhuis for
For more details please contact the Welfare Quality® project:
Linda Keeling Leader development assessment systems, phone + 46 703 59 30 40 firstname.lastname@example.org
Andy Butterworth Leader standardised protocols, phone +44 79 66 07 52 69 email@example.com
Harry Blokhuis Project coordinator, phone +46 702 464 255 firstname.lastname@example.org
Cost of every single Assessment Protocol: 5 Euro, plus shipping costs.
Temporary sold out.
Training in the Welfare Quality® Assessment Protocols
The Welfare Quality® system described in the practical assessment protocols, will require that any assessor, certification personnel or researcher wishing to apply, trial or explore the use of the Welfare Quality® integrated assessment measures, should initially receive appropriate training. Training information
- 2014/02/05website no longer up to date
- 2012/09/05PDF Protocols available
- 2012/05/02Assessment Protocols
- 2011/11/29Conference 8-9 October
- 2011/11/11First European Protocols Assessing Farm Animal Welfare
- 2011/11/11Waiting for update protocols
- 2011/03/09Welfare Quality Network started!
- 2009/12/16Welfare Quality measures, calculation of scores
- 2009/10/19Improving Piglet Survival
- 2009/10/10Swedish minister Erlandsson opens conference
- 2009/10/01Press release
- 2009/10/01Final Stakeholder conference 8-9 October 2009
- 2009/09/09Europarliament Intergroup
- 2009/08/14New stakeholder newsletter
- 2009/08/14Successful Welfare Quality Conference in Reggio Emilia
- 2009/04/17Successful workshop in Spain
- 2009/01/27Lameness control programme dairy cattle
- 2009/01/26Assessment Systems Tested on European farms